FAQ: H2S / Total Sulfur Analyzers
Ideal Cal-Gas concentration would at the value normally operating at or alarming at. Alternatively Cal-Gas to use is 3/4 concentration of the range of the analyzer.
Calibration checks should be done every 3 to 6 months. Or as required by site preventive maintenance schedule.
The Filter should be changed as required. The frequency is dependent on the liquid content and particulates in the gas. A higher volume of a liquids and particulates will require more frequent changes. Filters should be checked when analyzer is calibrated.
The standard H2S analyzer vents 4 standard cubic feet per hour.
The sweep valve should be just opened slightly until flow can be felt from the tubing. This will reduce lag time and allow liquids to be removed.
The analysis time is dynamic and changes with the concentration of the H2S during the sample.
|Aperture||H2S (ppm)||Tape Life (Days)*|
*Tape life based on constant concentration sample over a averaged analysis time with a 300 ft tape.
By default the H2S analyzer does NOT time out when placed in bypass. A time out feature is available in the software, as well as Bypass Disable.
As long as there is some fluid in the humidifier it will be able to maintain the humidity of the gas. The fluid should be topped up each time the analyzer is calibrated or the tape is changed.
The analog output of the H2S analyzer is a 4-20 mA signal calibrated at factory. The connections requires loop power from the PLC. If loop power is not able to be supplied, a powered AO board addition can be purchased.
|PLC Indicating 0 mA||Wiring to analyzer is incorrect.|
|Power to loop is not present. If loop power not supplied then Powered AO board option may be required.|
|PLC Indicating ~2 mA||Analyzer in Bypass|
|PLC Indicating higher or lower signal than analyzer display||Scaling of analyzer is different setting on PLC|
Determining the range
The range of the analyzer is set at the time of purchase. The accuracy and tape life are optimized to the customers request. The optimized range can be determined by the calibration sheet found in the back of the manual.
The Envent H2S analyzer is capable of indicating 10x the optimized range of H2S concentration. Accuracy of the reading can not be guaranteed when indicating outside the optimized range.
Optimizing the range
|0-100||Consult Envent Eng.|
* If the shut in alarm value is less then 10 ppm no aperture is ideal.
For dilution analyzer systems the range adjustment depends on the dilution tubing. Please consult Envent about dilution range adjustments.
The sensor Fault is a result of the sensor mV level being below 500 mV or above 1200 mV. Most often caused by an incorrect zero being achieved.
- Put the Analyzer in Bypass.
- Turn off sample gas at flowmeter.
- Press the Menu/Set button until MTR RUN displayed.
- Press Left or Right on the Display to move the tape to a new white piece of tape.
- Remove the cover the sensor block. Press the small pushbutton located on the lower left side next to the wire connector. The sensor block will enter a “re-zero” procedure indicated by a red led.
- When the “re-zero”procedure is complete the green led should illuminate.
- Initiate another motor run.
- Press the Menu/Set button until zero is displayed. Value should be between 900 & 1100 mV.
- Turn on sample gas to flow of two.
- Take analyzer out of Bypass.
*Gain numbers based on standard H2S analyzers. Numbers do not apply to Total Sulfur and Dilution systems. Please consult factory cal-sheet for calibration numbers.
|Erratic H2S Readings||Trigger slide not seated properly||Ensure Trigger slid is seated in the groove of the sample chamber|
|Pressure in building moving up and down from fan, exhaust or wind||Eductor may be plugged or bent blocked. Check that all vent tubing and fittings are 316 stainless steel, sized 3/8″ or larger.|
|Sample vent blocked or insufficient.||Vent should be 1/2″ tubing on a downward slope. Ending at shepards hook. Possible heat trace required on tubing|
|Liquid carry over in sample conditioning system||Sample conditioning system requires cleaning. Refer to A-H2S-Cleaning-Instructions_Nov-2011|
|Regulator not maintaining 15 psig||Pre-regulation to 50 psig of sample at sample point. Possible regulator requires repair or replacement.|
Hydrocarbon liquid carried over through the sample regulator. Heated regulator may be required.
|Contaminants in sample system||Sample system has been flooded or contaminated. Sample system requires cleaning. Refer to Cleaning Procedure.|
|Analog Input 2 jumper removed||Re-install jumper in Analog Input across (+4-20 & -4-20).|
|Sensor Block Fault||Re-zero Sensor block. Refer to Sensor Re-Zero Procedure. Check for green light on sensor block.|
|Contaminants in sample chamber||Clean sample chamber. Replace aperture and window if required. Clear grease from window.|
Envent no longer uses grease on chamber window. Applies to early H2S analyzers
|Aperture Strip became dislodged||Reattache aperture strip with RTV 102 silicone.|
|Tape Doesn’t Advance||No tension on take up reel.||Check setscrew in take up reel collars. Check to see if manual advance is possible on tape|
|Tape Breaking||High liquid content in sample gas||Genie probe and additional filtration may be required|
|Feed wheel not spinning freely||Dust and refuse build up between feed wheel and chassis. Requires removal and cleaning of chassis|
|Tape cover wheels pressing against tape.||Tape cover wheel became warped. Needs to be flattened to not contact tape when on feed wheel bolt.|
|Trigger slide not seated properly||Ensure trigger slide is seated in groove of sample chamber.|
|Slow Response||Incorrect Aperture for range||Removal or change of aperture type required. Contact Envent Tech support for ideal aperture size.|
|Liquid contamination in sample tubing||Sample conditioning system requires cleaning. Refer to Cleaning Procedure|
|Sensor Block Fault||Re-Zero Sensor block. Refer to sensor re-zero procedure|
|Higher or Lower than expected reading||Liquid contamination in sample tubing||sample condition system requires cleaning. Refer to Cleaning Procedure.|
|Sample vent blockage||Vent should be 3/8″ or larger 316 stainless steel tubing on a downard slope. Heat trace maybe required to prevent freezing|
|Contaminants in sample chamber||Sample conditioning system requires cleaning. Cleaning Procedure|
|Fault light indication||Sensor Low Fault||Re-zero Sensor block. Refer to Sensor Re-zero Procedure|
|Sensor High fault||Re-zero Sensor block. Refer to Sensor Re-zero Procedure|
|Low tape||Sensing tape requires change. Possible low tape sensor failure|
|Low Pressure||Pressure regulator outlet lower then setpoint of pressure switch. (factory set to 10 psi)|